Copenhagan Metro’s new M3 Cityring line is a game-changer

Copenhagen (CNN) — In Copenhagen, site visitors is generally led to via the two-wheel number of transportation: the bicycle.

Ever since bicycles had been imported into Denmark from France in 1869, they’ve grow to be the primary type of transportation within the Scandinavian town. In the Twenties, it wasn’t bizarre to peer each the operating magnificence in addition to top society pedaling throughout the streets. But with the outlet of the Metro’s new M3 Cityring line, commuters have a brand new approach of having round.

While Copenhagen’s Metro has all the time been slightly environment friendly, many neighborhoods lacked stations, and thus, accessibility.

In addition, a rising inhabitants of about 10,000 new residents per year is taxing the buses and trains already in movement. In a town of 650,000 other folks, about 200,000 shuttle at the Metro day by day, infrequently together with a motorbike throughout their adventure.

Greater accessibility

The round line has 17 new stops, just about doubling the selection of current stations.

DA MARIE ODGAARD/AFP by means of Getty Images

Cityring, a fifteen.5-kilometer (roughly 9.63 miles) round line with 17 new stops — which just about doubles the selection of current stations — now connects outlying neighborhoods that radiate some distance from town heart. Residents may not want to depend on their motorcycles to get round, a boon particularly throughout Copenhagen’s hygge-inducing winters.

The impetus for the undertaking was once twofold, in step with Henrik Ploughmann Olsen, CEO of Copenhagen Metro. “First of all, it was once a query of bettering public delivery, making it extra environment friendly and of higher high quality,” he stated. “But it was once additionally about town building in different spaces outdoor of town heart.”

Courtesy The Copenhagen Metro

Public squares had been built, with 150 benches and 800 bushes, had been put in across the 17 new stations. The plazas now not simplest permit get admission to to the Metro, yet will optimistically inspire extra trade and housing.

“We see that it draws stores but additionally workplaces and service-oriented companies,” stated Olsen.

Building the road was once now not with out its demanding situations.

Olsen said that the 8 years of development impeded site visitors and most often disrupted other folks’s day by day lives. “We had the equipment proper outdoor other folks’s home windows for reasonably a considerable selection of years,” he stated.

Glass and light are key design elements, and stations were designed to integrate with their surroundings.

Glass and light-weight are key design components, and stations had been designed to combine with their atmosphere.

Reginaldo Sales/Metro Company

Technical problems additionally challenged tunnel designers. They needed to construct round older constructions with shaky foundations, such because the ancient Frederik’s Church, a.ok.a. Marble Church, on the Marmorkirken station.

Controlling groundwater was once additionally crucial throughout development.

“Numerous the homes within the internal a part of the outdated town heart are in truth based on picket piles from the seventeenth century or 18th century,” defined Olsen, “If you take away the groundwater from the ones piles, they are going to rot.”

In addition, developers needed to deftly maneuver round current Metro tunnels–but Olsen proudly notes the extension was once finished with out inflicting any shutdowns to the present machine.

Shiny, new rails

The new M3 line allows Copenhagen to compete on an international level.

The new M3 line lets in Copenhagen to compete on a world stage.

Reginaldo Sales/Metro Company

The line itself is a factor of attractiveness; swish and gleaming like a seal shimmying thru water, this glossy new rail line is runs mechanically with none conductors.

The machine operates 24 hours an afternoon, one year a yr — an extraordinary carrier introduced via just a small handful of towns international, together with New York City, Chicago, and Melbourne — and a complete rotation across the line takes 24 mins. Average pace is set 40 kilometers in keeping with hour (roughly 25 miles in keeping with hour) but if a educate hits most sensible pace, it might probably cruise at 90 kilometer an hour (55 miles in keeping with hour).

Unlike older stations, the entire new stops are geared up with two elevators as an alternative of 1 and the incline of stairs was once decreased to make going up and down flights much less taxing. For as of late’s iTouch tradition, monitors via price tag machines provide riders with direction data and maps.

Not simply simple at the trip, Cityring’s stations are simple at the eyes.

Glass and light-weight are key design components and stations had been designed to combine with their atmosphere. At the Frederiksberg Allé station, as an example, the golf green internal colour scheme is a segue to the out of doors park that greets riders after they achieve side road stage.

Cleanliness and potency are two tenets of the Metro machine. Revenue generated from price tag gross sales is reinvested into repairs, and quarterly surveys of passengers give Metro operators path on what is operating, what is now not and the place they want to direct budget.


The Cityring does not wish to compete with motorcycles, yet as an alternative combine itself into current transportation infrastructure. “Metro in truth helps the ideas of the having motorcycles being both remaining mile or first mile mode of transportation, so you must use it together,” stated Olsen.

Bikes are allowed at the Metro throughout non-rush hours, and cellars at each station supply garage for the two-wheeled cars when now not in use. Screens at go out issues announce close by bus and educate departures for simple connections.

This shiny new rail line is conductor-less and runs automatically.

This glossy new rail line is conductor-less and runs mechanically.

Reginaldo Sales/Metro Company

While those options have citizens enthusiastic about the brand new machine, Olsen believes “a very powerful factor is that you just should not have to appear up schedule,” he stated. “You can simply move throughout the station and there will be a educate proper after.” To him, freedom from the shackles of a agenda exemplifies the convenience of the use of the Metro.

The new M3 line — and the growth of the Metro usually — now not simplest products and services town internally, yet lets in Copenhagen to compete on a world stage. Citing Hamburg, Germany, and Stockholm, Sweden as close by opponents, Olsen hopes to draw each companies and vacationers to Copenhagen by means of alternatives introduced via the Metro.

With the outlet of the M3 Cityring, ridership is predicted to upward thrust from 65 million to 122 million via 2020, and two extensions to the prevailing M4 line are because of open over the following 5 yr.

While projections are formidable, Olsen’s definition of good fortune is extra modest.

“The much less other folks need to take into accounts us, the easier,” he stated. “So if you’ll simply depend on us and should not have to suppose a lot about the use of the Metro, as a result of it is simple to make use of and also you should not have to plot your adventure, then I assume we are a good fortune.”

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